Your vision impacts your daily performance and affects how you see the world. When your eye health is good, you’ll perform better in all aspects of your life. About 75% of American adults need some form of vision correction. The right pair of eyewear can bring everything around you into focus.
Regular eye exams can also detect diseases of the eye early and can uncover other health issues like diabetes. Early treatment is critical to preventing some common eye diseases from causing permanent damage and vision loss.
Children should have their first eye exam between ages 3 and 5 to detect any problems such as amblyopia (lazy eye) early. It’s also a good idea for them to have an eye exam before each school year.

Vision Examination

Types of Eye Exams

Depending on your age, health history and eye condition, your eye exam may or may not include all of these elements, but here’s a good idea of what you might encounter during your eye exam.

Visual Acuity Test

This purpose of this is to measures the sharpness of your vision, one at a time but in both eyes. Normally this will include reading an eye chart from a distance, as well as a small hand-held chart up close in-hand to test your near sight vision for issues.

Cover Test

The cover test helps determine how well your eyes work together. You’ll be asked to stare at an object at a distance with one eye covered. It will then be repeated while looking at a nearby object. This will indicate if the uncovered eye must move in order to see the object.

Color Blindness Test

The screening test will check your color vision. Most color blindness issues are hereditary, but few people realize that color blindness can also be indicative of other eye health problems. This test will allow us to measure any color-blindness issues.

Ocular Motility Test

The Ocular Motility Test will check your eye movements and how well your eyes can follow a moving object. You’ll be asked to hold your head still and follow an object to the left upper lateral, superior, right upper lateral, left lower lateral, inferior, and right lower lateral with just your eyes as the object is moved around the room. If problems are detected, Dr. Thomas can help you correct them before they hurt your ability to read, play sports or carry out other daily life activities.

Depth Perception Test

During the Depth Perception Test, your eyes must work together well in order to provide you with the 3D vision that gives us depth perception, including the size of an object and how far away they are from you. Depth perception, also known as stereopsis, is vitally important for skills like catching or hitting a ball, driving, and a myriad of other daily activities. The ability of your eyes to team together and utilize depth cues will be tested to understand how your eyes perceive depth perception.

Fundus Photograph and OCT (Optical coherence tomography) Tests

These are performed as a pre-test to your examination with the doctor. The technician may administer a drop in each eye to help the pupil relax (not dilate) in order to get a better image. These images show a very detailed picture of the back of the eye, including the retina, behind the retina, the optic nerve, and blood vessels. These images allow to accurately diagnose diseases like as glaucoma, Macular Degeneration, and other diabetic diseases.


The lights in the room will be dimmed and you’ll be asked to focus on an object across the room while a light is shined in your eyes so the doctor can view the reflex of your retina to the light. Various test lenses may be placed in front of your eyes as well. This test gives an approximation of what corrective lenses might help your vision based on the way light reflects from your eyeballs.


This test allows us to hone in on your exact lens prescription with precision. During the test, the phoropter machine will be placed in front of your face and you’ll be shown a series of lens choices. Each time the lenses are changed, you’ll be asked which one is more clear. The refraction will determine your level or nearsightedness or farsightedness as well as astigmatism and presbyopia.

Slit Lamp Exam

The slit lamp is a device that Dr. Thomas uses to magnify the structures of your eyes in order to examine both of your eyes. You’ll place your forehead and chin in rests built into the testing machine so you stay steady during the examination. The slit lamp will help Dr. Thomas detect issues such as cataracts, macular degeneration, corneal ulcers and diabetic retinopathy.

Glaucoma Test

Glaucoma is a condition where increased pressure in the eyeball can damage the optic nerve and eventually cause blindness. Catching the disease early can help stop this progression. To test, numbing eye drops are put into your eyes. Then the doctor gently touches the front surface of your eye with a device that glows with a blue light which will provide the pressure reading of your eye. If you have high eye pressure, you may already have glaucoma or be at risk of developing it but treatment can help.

Dilation Exam

You may have your pupils dilated in order for Dr. Thomas to get a better view of the internal structures of your eye. Dilating drops will be placed in your eyes and they normally take about 20 minutes to work. Having a dilated pupil exam is very important for people with certain eye disease risk factors because it allows for the most thorough examination of your eye health. When your pupils have been dilated you’ll be sensitive to light for a few hours afterwards, so bring sunglasses to wear home.

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General Questions

What insurance providers do you work with in-network?

We are considered IN-NETWORK for the following Dental Insurance plans:

  • Aetna
  • Assurant
  • BCBS of OK, TX, IL and NM
  • Delta Dental (Premier plan only)
  • DHA
  • Dearborn National

We accept Care Credit plans which can provide zero interest payment options if you pay on time and within the agreed upon number of months. These plans can even be used to pay the uncovered portion of your expenses under your insurance policy. If you don’t already have a Care Credit card, you can apply online to get started.

If you don’t have insurance we can still figure out a way to provide you with affordable dental care. We accept Care Credit or we also offer a cash discount on accounts with no insurance. (Must be paid in full by cash or check at the time of treatment.)

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